Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Exploitation of Biogas Resources for Electric Vehicle Charging Station in Bangladesh

Version 1 : Received: 31 July 2018 / Approved: 31 July 2018 / Online: 31 July 2018 (14:20:28 CEST)

How to cite: Karmaker, A.K.; Rahman, M.M..; Hossain, M.A.; Ahmed, M.R.. Exploitation of Biogas Resources for Electric Vehicle Charging Station in Bangladesh. Preprints 2018, 2018070625 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0625.v1). Karmaker, A.K.; Rahman, M.M..; Hossain, M.A.; Ahmed, M.R.. Exploitation of Biogas Resources for Electric Vehicle Charging Station in Bangladesh. Preprints 2018, 2018070625 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0625.v1).

Abstract

The abrupt increase of the electric vehicles in Bangladesh needs huge amount of power. As a result, alternative energy sources are emphasized due to limited fossil fuels in order to develop a sustainable energy sector with environment friendly resources. Bangladesh has an enormous potential in the field of renewable resources like biogas and biomass. This paper presents 20 kW electric vehicle charging station (EVCS) utilizing biogas resources where maximum energy requirement is 100 kWh. In this paper, the biogas based EVCS is designed using MATLAB Simulink and HOMER software. Daily 15-20 electric vehicles can be recharged their batteries using the proposed charging station.  The proposed system offers lower cost of energy compared to the grid electricity. Moreover, the proposed charging station shows 68.75% reduction in CO2 emission than grid based charging station. In addition, the proposed EVCS will save monthly $ 16.25 and $ 27.50 respectively for easy bike and auto rickshaw type electric vehicles in Bangladesh.

Subject Areas

Electric vehicle charging station (EVCS), HOMER, MATLAB, CO2 emission, payback period

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