Preprint Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Mechanical Properties and In-Situ Deformation Imaging of Micro-Lattices Manufactured by Laser Based Powder Bed Fusion

Version 1 : Received: 30 July 2018 / Approved: 31 July 2018 / Online: 31 July 2018 (10:00:40 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 27 August 2018 / Approved: 30 August 2018 / Online: 30 August 2018 (06:12:34 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Du Plessis, A.; Kouprianoff, D.-P.; Yadroitsava, I.; Yadroitsev, I. Mechanical Properties and In Situ Deformation Imaging of Microlattices Manufactured by Laser Based Powder Bed Fusion. Materials 2018, 11, 1663. Du Plessis, A.; Kouprianoff, D.-P.; Yadroitsava, I.; Yadroitsev, I. Mechanical Properties and In Situ Deformation Imaging of Microlattices Manufactured by Laser Based Powder Bed Fusion. Materials 2018, 11, 1663.

Journal reference: Materials 2018, 11, 1663
DOI: 10.3390/ma11091663

Abstract

This paper reports on the production and mechanical properties of Ti6Al4V micro-lattice structures, with strut thickness nearing the single-track width of the laser-based powder bed fusion (LPBF) system used. Besides providing new information on the mechanical properties and manufacturability of such thin-strut lattices, this paper also reports on the in-situ deformation imaging of micro-lattice structures with 6 unit cells in every direction. LPBF lattices are of interest for medical implants, due to the possibility of creating structures with an elastic modulus close to that of the bones and small pore sizes which allow effective osseointegration. In this work four different cubes were produced by laser powder bed fusion and subsequently analyzed using microCT, compression testing and one selected lattice was subjected to in-situ microCT imaging during compression. The in-situ imaging was performed at 4 steps during yielding. The results indicate that mechanical performance (elastic modulus and strength) correlate well with actual density and that this performance is remarkably good, despite the high roughness and irregularity of the struts at this scale. In-situ yielding is visually illustrated.

Subject Areas

laser powder bed fusion; additive manufacturing; X-ray tomography; in-situ imaging; Ti6Al4V; lattice structures

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