Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

17α-Ethynylestradiol and 4-Nonylphenol Stimulate Lung Adenocarcinoma Cells Production in Xenoestrogenic Way

Version 1 : Received: 21 July 2018 / Approved: 22 July 2018 / Online: 22 July 2018 (11:23:02 CEST)

How to cite: Sun, C.; Chou, J.; Chao, K.; Chang, H.; Lieu, F.; Wang, P.S. 17α-Ethynylestradiol and 4-Nonylphenol Stimulate Lung Adenocarcinoma Cells Production in Xenoestrogenic Way. Preprints 2018, 2018070401 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0401.v1). Sun, C.; Chou, J.; Chao, K.; Chang, H.; Lieu, F.; Wang, P.S. 17α-Ethynylestradiol and 4-Nonylphenol Stimulate Lung Adenocarcinoma Cells Production in Xenoestrogenic Way. Preprints 2018, 2018070401 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0401.v1).

Abstract

Lung cancer has been the leading cause of cancer death in the world. In addition to smoking, estrogen is supposed to play an important role in the lung cancer development because women have a higher proportion of adenocarcinoma than men. In the environment, there are many metabolites and wastes that mimic human estrogen structurally and functionally. As an oral contraceptive, 17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2) is released to wastewater after being utilized. Moreover, 4-nonylphenol (NP) exiting in the petrochemical products and air pollutants has estrogenic activity. In our study, 17β-estradiol (E2), EE2, and NP are administered to stimulate A549 male lung adenocarcinoma cells and H1435 female lung adenocarcinoma cells. The results demonstrate that EE2 and NP stimulate A549 and H1435 cells proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent trend. Both estrogen receptor α and β are activated simultaneously during these processes. Up-regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and ERK expression is involved in response to estrogens. In conclusion, we first time report that EE2 and NP exert biotoxic effect to stimulate the proliferation of both male and female lung cancer cells in a dose- and time- response manner. New challenges from environmental hormones to lung cancer deserved further investigation.

Subject Areas

lung cancer; environment; EE2; NP; estrogen receptor; EGFR

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