Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Epoxide Functional γ-Al2O3/Fe3O4/SiO2 Ceramic Nanocomposite Particles as Adsorbent for Reactive Azo Dye: Understanding Surface Property

Version 1 : Received: 11 July 2018 / Approved: 11 July 2018 / Online: 11 July 2018 (14:29:57 UTC)

How to cite: Bristy, S.S.; Rahman, M.M.; Rahman, M.M.; Alam, M.A.; Karim, M.R.; Ahmad, H. Epoxide Functional γ-Al2O3/Fe3O4/SiO2 Ceramic Nanocomposite Particles as Adsorbent for Reactive Azo Dye: Understanding Surface Property. Preprints 2018, 2018070205 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0205.v1). Bristy, S.S.; Rahman, M.M.; Rahman, M.M.; Alam, M.A.; Karim, M.R.; Ahmad, H. Epoxide Functional γ-Al2O3/Fe3O4/SiO2 Ceramic Nanocomposite Particles as Adsorbent for Reactive Azo Dye: Understanding Surface Property. Preprints 2018, 2018070205 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201807.0205.v1).

Abstract

In this investigation magnetic γ-Al2O3 ceramic nanocomposite particles bearing epoxide functionality are prepared following a multistep process. The ultimate nanocomposite particles are named as γ-Al2O3/Fe3O4/SiO2/poly(glycidyl methacrylate (PGMA). The surface property is evaluated by carrying out the adsorption study of Remazol navy (RN), a model reactive azo dye, on both γ-Al2O3/Fe3O4/SiO2 and γ-Al2O3/Fe3O4/SiO2/PGMA nanocomposite particles. The adsorption is carried out at the point of zero charge (PZC) to neutralize the effect of particle surface charge. The adsorption rate is very fast, reached equilibrium (qe) value within five min. Due to mesoporous structure of silica layer γ-Al2O3/Fe3O4/SiO2 nanocomposite particles possessed relatively higher specific surface area and magnitude of adsorption is dependent on the total specific surface area. The introduction of epoxide functionality favored high adsorption capacity in mass per unit surface area. The adsorption process strictly followed Langmuir model. Thermodynamic equilibrium parameters implied that irrespective of surface functionality the adsorption process is spontaneous and exothermic. Pseudo-second-order rate kinetic model is more appropriate to explain the adsorption kinetics.

Subject Areas

γ-alumina; nanocomposite particle; epoxide functionality; adsorption; Remazol navy.

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