Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

First case of Conyza canadensis from Hungary with multiple resistance to glyphosate and flazasulfuron

Version 1 : Received: 11 July 2018 / Approved: 11 July 2018 / Online: 11 July 2018 (11:56:59 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Palma-Bautista, C.; Tahmasebi, B.K.; Fernández-Moreno, P.T.; Rojano-Delgado, A.M.; Cruz, R.A.; De Prado, R. First Case of Conyza canadensis from Hungary with Multiple Resistance to Glyphosate and Flazasulfuron. Agronomy 2018, 8, 157. Palma-Bautista, C.; Tahmasebi, B.K.; Fernández-Moreno, P.T.; Rojano-Delgado, A.M.; Cruz, R.A.; De Prado, R. First Case of Conyza canadensis from Hungary with Multiple Resistance to Glyphosate and Flazasulfuron. Agronomy 2018, 8, 157.

Journal reference: Agronomy 2018, 8, 157
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy8080157

Abstract

Conyza canadensis is a species invading large agricultural areas throughout the world, mainly to its ability to evolve herbicide resistance. Specifically, in Hungary, extensive areas have been infested by this species due to the difficulty in controlling it with glyphosate. To corroborate this fact as resistance and not as an incorrect herbicide application, eight suspicious glyphosate-resistant C. canadensis populations from different Hungarian regions were studied. In dose-response assays with glyphosate, the LD50 and GR50 values indicated that populations 1 to 5 were resistant to this herbicide (H-5 population the most resistant). Besides, the shikimic acid accumulation tests corroborated the results observed in the dose-response assays. 11 alternative herbicides from 6 different mode of action (MOA) were applied at field doses as control alternatives on populations H-5 and H-6 (both in the same regions). The H-5 population showed an unexpected resistance to flazasulfuron (ALS-inhibitor). The ALS enzyme activity studies indicated that the I50 for H-5 was 63.3 fold higher compared to its correspondent susceptible population (H-6). Therefore, the H-5 population exhibited multiple-resistance to flazasulfuron and glyphosate, being the first case reported in Europe for this two MOA. For that reason, the other herbicides with different MOA have to be tested here.

Subject Areas

ALS-inhibitors; horseweed; multiple-resistance; alternative chemical control

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