Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Association between Anemia in Children 6 to 23 Months Old and Child, Mother, Household and Feeding Indicators

Version 1 : Received: 6 July 2018 / Approved: 9 July 2018 / Online: 9 July 2018 (11:14:48 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Prieto-Patron, A.; Van der Horst, K.; Hutton, Z.V.; Detzel, P. Association between Anaemia in Children 6 to 23 Months Old and Child, Mother, Household and Feeding Indicators. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1269. Prieto-Patron, A.; Van der Horst, K.; Hutton, Z.V.; Detzel, P. Association between Anaemia in Children 6 to 23 Months Old and Child, Mother, Household and Feeding Indicators. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1269.

Journal reference: Nutrients 2018, 10, 1269
DOI: 10.3390/nu10091269

Abstract

In Low and Lower-Middle-Income countries, the prevalence of anemia in infancy remains high. In early childhood anemia cause irreversible cognitive deficits and represents a higher risk of child mortality. The consequences of anemia in infancy are a major barrier to overcome poverty traps. The aim of this study was to analyze based on a multi-level approach, different factors associated with anemia in children 6–23 m old based on recent available Standard Demographic Health Surveys (S-DHS). We identified 52 S-DHS that had complete information in all covariates of interest in our analysis between 2005 and 2015. We performed traditional logistic regressions and multilevel logistic regression analyses to study the association between hemoglobin concentrations and household, child, maternal, socio-demographic variables. In our sample, 70 % of the 6–23 m old children were anemic. Child anemia was strongly associated with maternal anemia, household wealth, maternal education and low birth weight. Children fed with fortified foods, potatoes and other tubers had significantly lower rates of anemia. Improving overall household living conditions, increasing maternal education, delaying childbearing and introducing iron rich foods at six months of age may reduce the likelihood of anemia at in toddlerhood.

Subject Areas

anemia; infancy and toddlerhood; low and middle-income countries; demographic and health survey; infant feeding; multilevel regression

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