Preibisch, I.; Niemeyer, P.; Yusufoglu, Y.; Gurikov, P.; Milow, B.; Smirnova, I. Polysaccharide-Based Aerogel Bead Production via Jet Cutting Method. Materials2018, 11, 1287.
Preibisch, I.; Niemeyer, P.; Yusufoglu, Y.; Gurikov, P.; Milow, B.; Smirnova, I. Polysaccharide-Based Aerogel Bead Production via Jet Cutting Method. Materials 2018, 11, 1287.
The aim of this work is to develop a method to produce spherical biopolymer-based aerogel particles, which is capable for scale up in the future. Therefore, jet cutting method is suggested. Amidated pectin and sodium alginate were used as precursor (1–3 wt. % solution) for particle production via jet cutting. Gelation was realized via two methods: internal setting method (using calcium carbonate particles as cross-linker and citric and acidic acid for pH adjustment) and diffusion method (in calcium chloride solutions). Gel particles were subjected to solvent exchange to ethanol and consequent supercritical drying with CO2. Spherical aerogel particles with narrow particle size distribution in the range of 400 to 1500 µm and with specific surface area of around 500 m2/g could be produced. Overall, it can be concluded that jet cutting method is suitable for aerogel particle production, although the shape of the particles is not perfectly spherical in all cases. However, parameter adjustment might lead to even better shaped particles in further work. Moreover, the biopolymer-based aerogel particles synthesized in this study were tested as humidity absorber in drying units for home appliances, particularly for dishwashers. It could be shown that for several cycles of absorption and desorption of humidity aerogel particles are stable with an absorption capacity of around 20 wt. %.
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