Peletiri, S.P.; Rahmanian, N.; Mujtaba, I.M. CO2 Pipeline Design: A Review. Energies2018, 11, 2184.
Peletiri, S.P.; Rahmanian, N.; Mujtaba, I.M. CO2 Pipeline Design: A Review. Energies 2018, 11, 2184.
There is need to accurately design pipelines to transport the expected increase of CO2 captured from industrial processes after the signing of the Paris Climate Agreement in 2016. This paper reviews several aspects of CO2 pipeline design with emphasis on pressure drop and models for the calculation of pipeline diameter. Two categories of pipeline equations were identified. The first category is independent of pipeline length and has two different equations. This category is used to specify adequate pipeline diameter for the volume of fluid transported. The optimum economic pipe diameter equation (Eq. 17) with nearly uniform resultant velocity values at different flow rates performed better than the standard velocity flow equation (Eq. 20). The second category has four different equations and is used to calculate pipeline pressure drop or pipeline distance for the installation of booster stations after specifying minimum and maximum pipeline pressures. The hydraulic equation is preferred because it gave better resultant velocity values and the closest diameter value obtained using Aspen HYSYS (V.10) simulation. The effect of impurities on the pressure behaviour and optimal pipeline diameter and pressure loss due to acceleration were ignored in the development of the models. Further work is ongoing to incorporate these effects into the models.
CCS; CO2 pipeline design; pressure drop; pipeline diameter models; CO2 transportation; diameter equation
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