Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Holistic Theoretical Sustainability Assessment Model for Electricity Generating Sources

Version 1 : Received: 25 June 2018 / Approved: 26 June 2018 / Online: 26 June 2018 (12:33:14 CEST)

How to cite: Mulongo, N.Y.; Aigbavboa, C. A Holistic Theoretical Sustainability Assessment Model for Electricity Generating Sources. Preprints 2018, 2018060416 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0416.v1). Mulongo, N.Y.; Aigbavboa, C. A Holistic Theoretical Sustainability Assessment Model for Electricity Generating Sources. Preprints 2018, 2018060416 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0416.v1).

Abstract

In response to ever-increasing concerns regarding ecological degradation and societal impact, numerous stakeholders such as non-governmental organisations, government officials, end-users, the mass media, and community activists have compelled business organizations, particularly multi-national companies to lessen harmful greenhouse gases emissions associated with their production activities. Energy sector is one of the biggest harmful greenhouse gases emission producer, hence, decision-makers within the energy sector are forced to promote and build environmental friendly and sustainable power generation plants. To this end, the concept of sustainability in the electricity sector has attracted so much attention from academics and industrial practitioners over the last three decades. Albeit, an important number of sustainability assessment frameworks for electricity generating technologies are found in the current literatures, three major drawbacks have emerged from those frameworks. Firstly, there is a lack of a holistic and comprehensive sustainability assessment framework for different power generation plants. Secondly, from economic aspect, the most used model (Levelised Cost of Electricity) to measure the cost performance of various electricity generating technologies is biased and is not inclusive enough, because, it only considers the capital, Operations and Maintenance, and fuel costs. Hence, snubbing crucial elements to business decision. Lastly, in the current literature, there is no a single sustainability assessment model that considers all the phases of electrical energy’s lifecycle. Considering these flaws, the novelty of this study is the development of a new, holistic theoretical sustainability assessment framework for power generation plants. The developed theoretical model includes 19 impact categories, 52 potential indictors, and 10 end points environmental, economic, and social aspects.

Subject Areas

sustainability; economics aspect; social aspect; environmental aspect; levelized cost of electricity

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