Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

An Improved Method for Impervious Surface Mapping Incorporating Lidar Data and High-Resolution Imagery at Different Acquisition Times

Version 1 : Received: 14 June 2018 / Approved: 15 June 2018 / Online: 15 June 2018 (14:32:50 CEST)

How to cite: Luo, H.; Wang, L.; Wu, C.; Zhang, L. An Improved Method for Impervious Surface Mapping Incorporating Lidar Data and High-Resolution Imagery at Different Acquisition Times. Preprints 2018, 2018060257 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0257.v1). Luo, H.; Wang, L.; Wu, C.; Zhang, L. An Improved Method for Impervious Surface Mapping Incorporating Lidar Data and High-Resolution Imagery at Different Acquisition Times. Preprints 2018, 2018060257 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0257.v1).

Abstract

Impervious surface mapping with high-resolution remote sensing imagery has attracted increasing interest as it can provide detailed information for urban structure and distribution. Previous studies have suggested that the combination of LiDAR data and high-resolution imagery for impervious surface mapping performs better than using only high-resolution imagery. However, due to the high cost of the acquisition of LiDAR data, it is difficult to obtain the multi-sensor remote sensing data acquired at the same acquisition time for impervious surface mapping. Consequently, real landscape changes between multi-sensor remote sensing data at different acquisition times would lead to the error of misclassification in impervious surface mapping. This issue has mostly been neglected in previous works. Furthermore, the observation differences generated from multi-sensor data, including the problems of misregistration, missing data in LiDAR data, and shadow in high-resolution images would also challenge the final mapping result in the fusion of LiDAR data and high-resolution images. In order to conquer these problems, we propose an improved impervious surface mapping method incorporating both LiDAR data and high-resolution imagery at different acquisition times in consideration of real landscape changes and observation differences. In the proposed method, a multi-sensor change detection by supervised multivariate alteration detection is employed to obtain changed areas and misregistration areas. The no-data areas in the LiDAR data and the shadow areas in the high-resolution imagery are extracted by independent classification yielded by its corresponding single sensor data. Finally, an object-based post-classification fusion is proposed to take advantage of independent classification results with single-sensor data and the joint classification result with stacked multi-sensor data. Experiments covering the study site in Buffalo, NY, USA demonstrate that our method can accurately detect landscape changes and obviously improve the performance of impervious surface mapping.

Subject Areas

impervious surface mapping; multi-temporal data; change detection; high-resolution imagery; LiDAR; object-based post-classification fusion

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