Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Properties of Fired Bricks by Incorporating TFT-LCD Waste Glass Powder with Reservoir Sediments

Version 1 : Received: 14 June 2018 / Approved: 14 June 2018 / Online: 14 June 2018 (10:10:34 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Tang, C.-W. Properties of Fired Bricks Incorporating TFT-LCD Waste Glass Powder with Reservoir Sediments. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2503. Tang, C.-W. Properties of Fired Bricks Incorporating TFT-LCD Waste Glass Powder with Reservoir Sediments. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2503.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2018, 10, 2503
DOI: 10.3390/su10072503

Abstract

In view of increasing concerns over non-renewable resource depletion and waste management, this study aimed to apply the Taguchi optimization technique to determine the process conditions for producing bricks by incorporating thin film transition liquid crystal displays (TFT-LCD) waste glass powder with reservoir sediments. An orthogonal array L16(45) was adopted, which consisted of five controllable four-level factors (i.e., cullet content, drying method, preheat time, sintering temperature, and error). Moreover, the analysis of variance method was used to explore the effects of the experimental factors on the density, water absorption, shrinkage ratio, loss of ignition, porosity, and compressive strength of the fired bricks. The microstructures of the fired specimens were investigated by scanning electron microscopy. Then, the large-scale production techniques for fired bricks containing recycled TFT-LCD glass cullet and reservoir sediments was developed in a commercially available tunnel kiln. The test results showed that the structure of fired specimen was loose at a sintering temperature ranged from 900–950 °C. However, the fired specimen showed a significant densification at the sintering temperature of 1050 °C. In addition, Taguchi method is a feasible approach for optimizing process condition of brick using recycled TFT-LCD glass cullet and reservoir sediments and it significantly reduces the number of tests. On the other hand, the characteristics of fired bricks developed in the tunnel kiln were in compliance with Chinese National Standards class Ι building bricks criteria.

Subject Areas

reservoir sediments; cullet; brick; sintering; orthogonal array

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