Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Prediction and Analysis the Causes of Increasing an Illegal Low-Cost Taxi in Bangladesh Municipalities: A Case Study of Pabna Municipality

Version 1 : Received: 26 May 2018 / Approved: 28 May 2018 / Online: 28 May 2018 (11:05:42 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Mital Chakma, Md Sohel Rana, Md Ashrafuzzaman Pramanik, (2018) "Prediction and analysis the causes of increasing an illegal e-taxi in Bangladesh municipalities: A case study of Pabna municipality", International Journal of Crowd Science, https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCS-06-2018-0010 Mital Chakma, Md Sohel Rana, Md Ashrafuzzaman Pramanik, (2018) "Prediction and analysis the causes of increasing an illegal e-taxi in Bangladesh municipalities: A case study of Pabna municipality", International Journal of Crowd Science, https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCS-06-2018-0010

Journal reference: International Journal of Crowd Science 2018
DOI: 10.1108/IJCS-06-2018-0010

Abstract

The impact of an unlicensed low-cost taxi in Bangladesh is very severe, especially in municipal cities. Day by day the numbers of unlicensed low-cost taxi are increasing by jumping up and creating pressure on traffic and transportation system. The aim of this study is to find out the causes of increasing illegal taxi and the extent of this vehicle in the municipalities of Bangladesh. Pabna municipality is used as a case study due to the more activeness of illegal taxi then the other municipalities. To achieve the objectives, the researcher used a qualitative approach to acquire more depth about the problems. Besides a direct observation of the study area, an open-ended questionnaire survey and HIS survey were conducted. The illegal low-cost taxi is very active it was analyzed through the field survey. A statistical model was developed to understand the actual causes of increasing illegal low-cost taxi, where ten predicted hypotheses (age, education level, marital status and family member support of illegal drivers, and the variable of commuter satisfaction e.g. safety, comfort, continuous service, affordability of service, reliability of service and driver behavior) were tested. The model was run through the multiple regression analyses technique in SPSS and the result proved that education level of illegal low-cost taxi drivers, and the commuter satisfaction variable (safety and comfort) had a positive and significant effect of increasing illegal low-cost taxi in the study area. However other variable had no significant effect in case of increasing illegal low-cost taxi. Besides the safety and comfort, steady job for the operators, provision of continuous, individual and door to door service system are the main reasons for increasing the illegal low-cost taxi in the study area. Finally, the researcher concludes with the requirement of some necessary action from the responsible authority on vehicular regulation for the improvement of the local public transport system in Bangladesh.

Subject Areas

illegal taxi; door to door service; local public transport; traffic congestion

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