Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Substrate-Induced Response in Biogas Process Performance and Microbial Community Relates Back to Inoculum Source

Version 1 : Received: 25 May 2018 / Approved: 27 May 2018 / Online: 27 May 2018 (12:53:51 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Liu, T.; Sun, L.; Nordberg, Å.; Schnürer, A. Substrate-Induced Response in Biogas Process Performance and Microbial Community Relates Back to Inoculum Source. Microorganisms 2018, 6, 80. Liu, T.; Sun, L.; Nordberg, Å.; Schnürer, A. Substrate-Induced Response in Biogas Process Performance and Microbial Community Relates Back to Inoculum Source. Microorganisms 2018, 6, 80.

Journal reference: Microorganisms 2018, 6, 80
DOI: 10.3390/microorganisms6030080

Abstract

This study investigated whether biogas reactor performance, including microbial community development, in response to a change in substrate composition is influenced by initial inoculum source. Test reactors were first started with two different inocula and operated with the same grass-manure mixture for more than 120 days. These reactors initially showed great differences depending on inoculum source, but eventually showed similar performance and overall microbial community structure. At the start of the present experiment, the substrate was complemented with milled feed wheat, added all at once or divided into two portions. The starting hypothesis was that process performance depends on initial inoculum source and microbial diversity, and thus that reactor performance is influenced by the feeding regime. In response to the substrate change, all reactors showed increases and decreases in volumetric and specific methane production, respectively. However, specific methane yield and development of the microbial community showed differences related to initial inoculum source, confirming the hypothesis. The different feeding strategies had however only minor effects on process performance and overall community structure, but still induced differences in the cellulose-degrading community and in cellulose degradation.

Subject Areas

anaerobic digestion; Co-digestion; CSTR; BMP-test; Illumina sequencing; T-RFLP; glycoside hydrolase families 5 and 48

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