Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Crystallographic Features of Microstructure in Maraging Steel Fabricated by Selective Laser Melting

Version 1 : Received: 25 May 2018 / Approved: 25 May 2018 / Online: 25 May 2018 (15:26:43 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Takata, N.; Nishida, R.; Suzuki, A.; Kobashi, M.; Kato, M. Crystallographic Features of Microstructure in Maraging Steel Fabricated by Selective Laser Melting. Metals 2018, 8, 440. Takata, N.; Nishida, R.; Suzuki, A.; Kobashi, M.; Kato, M. Crystallographic Features of Microstructure in Maraging Steel Fabricated by Selective Laser Melting. Metals 2018, 8, 440.

Journal reference: Metals 2018, 8, 440
DOI: 10.3390/met8060440

Abstract

This study characterizes the microstructure and its associated crystallographic features of bulk maraging steels fabricated by selective laser melting (SLM) combined with a powder bed technique. The fabricated sample exhibited characteristic melt pools in which the regions had locally melted and rapidly solidified. A major part of these melt pools corresponded with the ferrite (alpha) matrix, which exhibited a lath martensite structure with a high density of dislocations. A number of fine retained austenite (gamma) with a <001> orientation along the build direction was often localized around the melt pool boundaries. The orientation relationship of these fine gamma grains with respect to the adjacent alpha grains in the martensite structure was (111) gamma // (011) alpha and [-101] gamma // [-1-11] apha (Kurdjumov–Sachs orientation relationship). Using the obtained results, we inferred the microstructure development of maraging steels during the SLM process. The results depict that new and diverse high-strength materials can be used to develop industrial molds and dies.

Subject Areas

Additive manufacturing; Maraging steel; Microstructure; Martensite structure; Orientation relationship; electron backscattering diffraction (EBSD)

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