Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Study on Burnout Risk and Protection Factors in Certified Nursing Aides

Version 1 : Received: 21 May 2018 / Approved: 21 May 2018 / Online: 21 May 2018 (13:20:40 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Molero Jurado, M.M.; Pérez-Fuentes, M.C.; Gázquez Linares, J.J.G.; Simón Márquez, M.M.; Martos Martínez, Á. Burnout Risk and Protection Factors in Certified Nursing Aides. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1116. Molero Jurado, M.M.; Pérez-Fuentes, M.C.; Gázquez Linares, J.J.G.; Simón Márquez, M.M.; Martos Martínez, Á. Burnout Risk and Protection Factors in Certified Nursing Aides. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1116.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1116
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15061116

Abstract

1) Background: Studies have shown that there is a higher risk of burnout among employees in the healthcare sector. Therefore, this study focused on “Certified Nursing Aides” (CNAs) who have shown a high prevalence of burnout, and are therefore considered an especially vulnerable group. The objective of this study was to identify the relationships between some organizational, personal and sociodemographic factors and burnout; 2) Methods: The final study sample was made up of 278 working CNAs with a mean age of 40.88 (SD=9.41). To compile the data, an ad hoc questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic information, and to collect professional and employment information, the Brief Emotional Intelligence Inventory for Adults, the Brief Questionnaire on Perceived Social Support, and The General Self-Efficacy Scale.; 3) Results: The results show that the Burnout Syndrome is significantly related negatively to all the emotional intelligence factors, self-efficacy and perceived social support. The risk of burnout is higher in younger persons and in permanently employed professionals. General self-efficacy and stress management act as protective factors against the likelihood of burnout.; and 4) Conclusions: This study suggests that organizations should urge coaching and transformational leadership training programs to promote the wellbeing and organizational commitment of workers.

Subject Areas

burnout; risks; protective factors; nursing

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