Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Atlas of Age- and Tissue-specific DNA Methylation during Early Development of Barley (Hordeum vulgare)

Version 1 : Received: 25 April 2018 / Approved: 25 April 2018 / Online: 25 April 2018 (16:53:56 CEST)

How to cite: Konate, M.; Wilkinson, M.J.; Mayne, B.; Scott, E.; Berger, B.; Rodriguez Lopez, C.M. Atlas of Age- and Tissue-specific DNA Methylation during Early Development of Barley (Hordeum vulgare). Preprints 2018, 2018040328 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0328.v1). Konate, M.; Wilkinson, M.J.; Mayne, B.; Scott, E.; Berger, B.; Rodriguez Lopez, C.M. Atlas of Age- and Tissue-specific DNA Methylation during Early Development of Barley (Hordeum vulgare). Preprints 2018, 2018040328 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0328.v1).

Abstract

The barley (Hordeum vulgare) genome comprises over 32,000 genes, with differentiated cells expressing only a subset of genes; the remainder being silent. Mechanisms by which tissue-specific genes are regulated are not entirely understood, although DNA methylation is likely to be involved. DNA methylation patterns are not static during plant development, but it is still unclear whether different organs possess distinct methylation profiles. Methylation-sensitive GBS was used to generate DNA methylation profiles for roots, leaf-blades and leaf-sheaths from five barley varieties, using seedlings at the three-leaf stage. Differentially Methylated Markers (DMMs) were characterised by pairwise comparisons of roots, leaf-blades and leaf-sheaths of three different ages. While very many DMMs were found between roots and leaf parts, only a few existed between leaf-blades and leaf-sheaths, with differences decreasing with leaf rank. Organ-specific DMMs appeared to target mainly repeat regions, implying that organ differentiation partially relies on the spreading of DNA methylation from repeats to promoters of adjacent genes. Furthermore, the biological functions of differentially methylated genes in the different organs correlated with functional specialisation. Our results indicate that different organs do possess diagnostic methylation profiles and suggest that DNA methylation is important for both tissue development and differentiation and organ function.

Subject Areas

epigenomics, hordeum vulgare, leaf, root, tissue-specific methylation, developmental epigenomics

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