Preprint Article Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Techno-Economic Feasibility of Hybrid Solar Photovoltaic and Battery Energy Storage Power System for a Soshanguve Mobile Cellular Base Station in South Africa

Version 1 : Received: 24 April 2018 / Approved: 24 April 2018 / Online: 24 April 2018 (17:09:01 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 25 July 2018 / Approved: 25 July 2018 / Online: 25 July 2018 (14:30:45 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Aderemi, B.A.; Chowdhury, S.P.D.; Olwal, T.O.; Abu-Mahfouz, A.M. Techno-Economic Feasibility of Hybrid Solar Photovoltaic and Battery Energy Storage Power System for a Mobile Cellular Base Station in Soshanguve, South Africa. Energies 2018, 11, 1572. Aderemi, B.A.; Chowdhury, S.P.D.; Olwal, T.O.; Abu-Mahfouz, A.M. Techno-Economic Feasibility of Hybrid Solar Photovoltaic and Battery Energy Storage Power System for a Mobile Cellular Base Station in Soshanguve, South Africa. Energies 2018, 11, 1572.

Journal reference: Energies 2018, 11, 1572
DOI: 10.3390/en11061572

Abstract

Over the years, sustainability, impact on the environment, as well as the operation expenditure have been a major concern to the deployment of mobile cellular base stations worldwide. This is because the mobile cellular base stations are known to consume a high percentage of power within the mobile cellular network. Such energy consumption contributes to the emission of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) through the use of conventional diesel generating a set. As a result, the mobile cellular operators are faced with the dilemma of minimising the power consumption, GHG emission, and the operation cost, while improving the Quality of Service of the networks. In attempting to find a solution, this study presents the feasibility and simulation of a solar photovoltaic (PV) with battery hybrid power system (HPS) as a predominant source of power for a specific mobile cellular base station site situated in Soshanguve area of the city of Pretoria, South Africa. It also presents the technical development, showed the environmental advantage and cost benefits of using a solar PV-battery HPS to power a base station site of a 24 hrs daily load of 241.10 kWh/d and the peak load of 20.31 kW as compared to using the HPS of solar PV-diesel generating set-battery. The solar resource pattern for the city of Pretoria was collected from The National Aeronautics and Space Administration and modelled statistically. Thus, the statistical modelling done using solar radiation resource exposure characteristic patterns of Pretoria, South Africa, revealed an average annual daily solar radiation of 5.4645 Wh/m2/d and 0.605 clearness index. The simulation and the design were done using the Hybrid Optimization Model for Electric Renewables and Matlab/Simulink software. The simulation finding shows that the HPS of solar PV-battery combination has about 59.62 % saving on Net Present Cost, Levelized Cost of Energy, and 80.87% saving on Operating cost as against conventional BS powered with Gen Set-Battery.

Subject Areas

Solar PV, Green Energy, Hybrid Power Source, Mobile Cellular Base Station, OPEX, Solar Irradiance

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