Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Hydrological Response of Precipitation and Human Activities—A Case Study in the Zuli River Basin, China

Version 1 : Received: 7 April 2018 / Approved: 10 April 2018 / Online: 10 April 2018 (09:31:07 UTC)

How to cite: Huang, C.; Yang, Q.; Huang, W.; Zhang, J.; Li, Y. Hydrological Response of Precipitation and Human Activities—A Case Study in the Zuli River Basin, China. Preprints 2018, 2018040122 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0122.v1). Huang, C.; Yang, Q.; Huang, W.; Zhang, J.; Li, Y. Hydrological Response of Precipitation and Human Activities—A Case Study in the Zuli River Basin, China. Preprints 2018, 2018040122 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0122.v1).

Abstract

Precipitation and human activities are two essential forcing dynamics that influence hydrological processes. To investigate those impacts, the Zuli River Basin (ZRB, a typical tributary basin of the Yellow River in China) was chosen to identify the impact of precipitation and human activities on runoff and sediment discharge. A double mass curve (DMC) analysis and the test methods, including accumulated variance analysis, sequential cluster, Lee-Heghnian, and moving t-test methods was utilized to determine the abrupt change point based on data from 1956 to 2015. Correlation formulas and multiple regression methods were used to calculate the runoff and sediment discharge reduction effects of soil conservation measures and to estimate the contribution rate of precipitation and soil conservation measures to runoff and sediment discharge. Our results show that the runoff reduction effect of soil conservation measures (45%) is greater than the sediment discharge reduction effect (32%). Soil conservation measures were the main factor controlling the 74.5% and 75.0% decrease in runoff and sediment discharge, respectively. Additionally, the contribution rate of vegetation measures was higher than that of engineering measures. This study provides scientific strategies for water resource management and soil conservation planning at catchment scale to face future hydrological variability.

Subject Areas

the Zuli River Basin; precipitation; runoff; sediment discharge; soil conservation measure

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