Zhou, W.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, G.; Luan, G.; Chen, S.; Meng, J.; Wang, H.; Hu, N.; Suo, Y. Molecular Sex Identification in Dioecious Hippophae rhamnoides L. via RAPD and SCAR Markers. Molecules2018, 23, 1048.
Zhou, W.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, G.; Luan, G.; Chen, S.; Meng, J.; Wang, H.; Hu, N.; Suo, Y. Molecular Sex Identification in Dioecious Hippophae rhamnoides L. via RAPD and SCAR Markers. Molecules 2018, 23, 1048.
The dioecious property of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) prevents sex recognition via traditional observation at the juvenile stage, thus impeding breeding and economic cropping; RAPD and SCAR markers were used to identify the sexes. A total of 45 random decamer primers were used to screen genomic DNA pools of staminate and pistillate genotypes for genetic polymorphisms. One female sex-linked marker was identified. D15 (5′-CATCCGTGCT-3′) amplified a particular band of 885 bp, which showed polymorphism among staminate and pistillate genotype plants. The SCAR marker Hrcx-15 was obtained by sequencing the fragment. The alleles of 140 pistillate genotypes were examined but not of the 140 staminate genotypes discerned via taxonomy. Staminate and pistillate genotypes of sea buckthorn plants can be distinguished, using Hrcx-15 as a genetic marker for sex identification and for expediting cultivation for commercial applications.
Hippophae rhamnoides L.; dioecious; sex determination; RAPD; SCAR
BIOLOGY, Plant Sciences
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.