Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Exploiting Past Users’ Interests and Predictions in an Active Learning Method for Dealing with Cold Start in Recommender Systems

Version 1 : Received: 29 March 2018 / Approved: 29 March 2018 / Online: 29 March 2018 (15:08:38 CEST)

How to cite: Pozo, M.; Chiky, R.; Meziane, F.; Metais, E. Exploiting Past Users’ Interests and Predictions in an Active Learning Method for Dealing with Cold Start in Recommender Systems. Preprints 2018, 2018030253 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0253.v1). Pozo, M.; Chiky, R.; Meziane, F.; Metais, E. Exploiting Past Users’ Interests and Predictions in an Active Learning Method for Dealing with Cold Start in Recommender Systems. Preprints 2018, 2018030253 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0253.v1).

Abstract

This paper focuses on the new users cold-start issue in the context of recommender systems. New users who do not receive pertinent recommendations may abandon the system. In order to cope with this issue, we use active learning techniques. These methods engage the new users to interact with the system by presenting them with a questionnaire that aim to understand their preferences to the related items. Example of questions may include "do you like this book?" and the users answer,"yes", "no", "I have not read it (unknown)", will reflect the degree of interest for the item by the users. As a consequence, the system can learn the users' preferences from these answers. The goal of active learning is to correctly choose the questions (items) for users. Thus it is necessary to personalize the questionnaires to retrieve the maximum information by avoiding "unknown" answers. In this paper, we propose an active learning technique that exploits past users' interests and past users' predictions in order to identify the best questions to ask.

Subject Areas

Cold start, Recommender systems, Active learning, Collaborative filtering

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