Preprint Case Report Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

ERBB1 and ERBB2 Positive Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Case Report

Version 1 : Received: 22 March 2018 / Approved: 26 March 2018 / Online: 26 March 2018 (09:05:18 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Minuto, M.; Varaldo, E.; Marcocci, G.; de Santanna, A.; Ciccone, E.; Cortese, K. ERBB1- and ERBB2-Positive Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Case Report. Diseases 2018, 6, 25. Minuto, M.; Varaldo, E.; Marcocci, G.; de Santanna, A.; Ciccone, E.; Cortese, K. ERBB1- and ERBB2-Positive Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Case Report. Diseases 2018, 6, 25.

Journal reference: Diseases 2018, 6, 25
DOI: 10.3390/diseases6020025

Abstract

Medullary thyroid carcinomas (MTCs) are rare thyroid tumors occurring in both sporadic and hereditary forms and whose pathogenesis is related to RET proto-oncogene alterations. MTCs originate from parafollicular cells, which produce calcitonin that represents the biochemical activity of MTC. Total thyroidectomy is the main treatment for MTC and often cures patients with confined diseases. In cases of metastasis, the approach depends on the rate of progression of disease. We report a case of a 54 years old female with a single, incidentally discovered, thyroid nodule of 1 cm, classified as suspicious MTC after a stimulation test with i.v. calcium. After surgery, we examined the nodule using immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence and electron microscopy. In addition to calcitonin, we found that it expressed intracellular positivity for the RTK receptors ERBB1 and ERBB2. Consistently with MTC features, ultrastructural examination of the tumor displayed heterogeneous spindle-shaped cells containing two groups of secretory granules. Due to the significant correlation found between high ERBB1/ERBB2 levels in MTCs and extrathyroidal growth, the detection of ERBB1 and ERBB2 expression suggests that the two oncoproteins may possibly be involved in tumor proliferative responses and/or differentiation of C-cells. The biological, prognostic and therapeutic significance of these patterns would merits further investigations.

Subject Areas

MTC; calcitonin; parafollicular C cells; secretory granules; immunofluorescence; ultrastructure; transmission electron microscopy; ERBB1; ERBB2

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