Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Characterization of Porous Phosphate Coatings Created on CP Titanium Grade 2 Enriched with Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc and Copper by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation

Version 1 : Received: 23 March 2018 / Approved: 23 March 2018 / Online: 23 March 2018 (15:16:33 CET)

How to cite: Rokosz, K.; Hryniewicz, T.; Raaen, S.; Gaiaschi, S.; Chapon, P.; Malorny, W.; Matýsek, D.; Dudek, Ł.; Pietrzak, K. Characterization of Porous Phosphate Coatings Created on CP Titanium Grade 2 Enriched with Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc and Copper by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation. Preprints 2018, 2018030200 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0200.v1). Rokosz, K.; Hryniewicz, T.; Raaen, S.; Gaiaschi, S.; Chapon, P.; Malorny, W.; Matýsek, D.; Dudek, Ł.; Pietrzak, K. Characterization of Porous Phosphate Coatings Created on CP Titanium Grade 2 Enriched with Calcium, Magnesium, Zinc and Copper by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation. Preprints 2018, 2018030200 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201803.0200.v1).

Abstract

In the paper, the effect of voltage increasing (from 500 VDC up to 650 VDC) on the structure and chemical composition of porous coating on titanium made by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation, is presented. In the present paper, phosphates based coatings enriched with calcium, magnesium, zinc and copper in electrolyte based on 1 L of 85% concentrated H3PO4 with additions of Ca(NO3)2·4H2O, and Mg(NO3)2∙6H2O, and Zn(NO3)2∙6H2O, and Cu(NO3)2∙3H2O, are described. The morphology, chemical and phase composition, are evaluated using SEM, EDS, XRD, XPS, GDOES. Based on all the analyses, it was found out that the PEO coatings are porous and enriched with calcium, magnesium, zinc and copper. They consist mainly of the amorphous phase, which is more visible for higher voltages, and it is correlated with the increasing of the total PEO coating thickness (the higher the voltage, the thicker the PEO coating). However, for 650 VDC an amorphous phase and titanium substrate was also recorded with a signal from Ti2P2O7 crystalline, that was not observed for lower voltages. It was also found out that all the obtained coatings may be divided in three sub-layers, i.e. porous, semiporous, and transition one.

Subject Areas

Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation (PEO); Micro Arc Oxidation (MAO); Titanium

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