Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Exergy Analyses of Onion Drying by Convection: Influence of Dryer Parameters on Its Performance

Version 1 : Received: 18 March 2018 / Approved: 19 March 2018 / Online: 19 March 2018 (09:44:37 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Castro, M.; Román, C.; Echegaray, M.; Mazza, G.; Rodriguez, R. Exergy Analyses of Onion Drying by Convection: Influence of Dryer Parameters on Performance. Entropy 2018, 20, 310. Castro, M.; Román, C.; Echegaray, M.; Mazza, G.; Rodriguez, R. Exergy Analyses of Onion Drying by Convection: Influence of Dryer Parameters on Performance. Entropy 2018, 20, 310.

Journal reference: Entropy 2018, 20, 310
DOI: 10.3390/e20050310

Abstract

This research work is concerned in the exergy analysis of the continuous-convection drying of onion. The influence of temperature and air flow rate was studied in terms of exergy parameters. The energy and exergy balances were carried out taking into account the onion drying chamber. Its behaviour was analysed based on exergy efficiency, exergy loss rate, exergetic improvement potential rate and sustainability index. The exergy loss rates increase with the temperature and air flow rate augmentation. Exergy loss rate is augmented at higher drying air temperatures and flow rates because the overall heat transfer coefficient increase. On the other hand, the exergy efficiency increases with the air flow rate augmentation. This behavior is due to the energy utilization was improved because the most amount of supplied energy was utilized for the moisture evaporation. However, the exergy efficiency decreases with the temperature augmentation due to the free moisture is less, then, the moisture begins diffusing from the internal structure to the surface. The exergetic improvement potential rate values show that the onion drying process presents a high potential to improve the exergy efficiency. The sustainability index of the drying chamber varied from 1.9 to 5.1. To reduce the environmental impact of the process, the parameters must be modified in order to ameliorate the exergy efficiency of the process.

Subject Areas

onion drying; exergy analysis; exergetic improvement potential rate; sustainability index

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