Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Burden of Serious Fungal Diseases in Romania

Version 1 : Received: 20 February 2018 / Approved: 21 February 2018 / Online: 21 February 2018 (16:41:29 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Mareș, M.; Moroti-Constantinescu, V.R.; Denning, D.W. The Burden of Fungal Diseases in Romania. J. Fungi 2018, 4, 31. Mareș, M.; Moroti-Constantinescu, V.R.; Denning, D.W. The Burden of Fungal Diseases in Romania. J. Fungi 2018, 4, 31.

Journal reference: J. Fungi 2018, 4, 31
DOI: 10.3390/jof4010031

Abstract

Objective: To estimate for the first time the burden of serious fungal infections in Romania; Methods: Data derived from the World Health Organization (WHO), National Institute of Statistics, Romanian public health agencies and non-profit health organizations and published annual reports on local epidemiology were used in the present study. When no data was available, specific at-risk populations were used to calculate frequencies of serious fungal diseases, using previously published epidemiological parameters. All data refer to the year 2016; 3) Results: The estimated number of serious fungal infections in Romanian population was 435,930 in 2016. Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis accounts for up to 80% of total cases (more than 350,000 women annually). Concerning the HIV related infections, among 14349 infected persons, Pneumocystis pneumonia occurred in about 10% of late presenters (30 cases in 2016), while cryptococcal meningitis is rarely diagnosed (less than 20 cases). Annually, the total number of oesophageal candidiasis and oral thrush cases in HIV-positive patients may be as high as 1229 and 3066, respectively. In immunocompromised and cancer patient population, the annual incidence of candidaemia is 295, and at least 158 invasive aspergillosis cases and 4 mucormycosis cases occur yearly. With 4,966 critical care beds and approximately 200,000 abdominal surgeries performed, the estimated annual incidence of candidaemia and Candida peritonitis is 689 and 344, respectively. The annual incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis is still high in Romania (12,747 cases). Thus, the prevalence of post-TB chronic pulmonary aspergillosis is estimated to be 8.98/100,000 (1768 cases). The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma in adults is 6% and 6.5%, respectively. Therefore, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis prevalence is estimated at 29,387 and severe asthma with fungal sensitisation at 38,731 cases annually. 4) Conclusions: Not being on the list of reportable diseases, the number of patients presenting with severe mycoses in Romania can only be roughly estimated. Based on local reports and prevalence estimation, we consider that at least 2.2% of Romanians suffer a serious form of fungal disease.

Subject Areas

mycoses; epidemiology; Romania; candidaemia; aspergillosis; chronic pulmonary conditions

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