Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Solvation and Aggregation of Meta-aminobenzoic Acid in Water: Density Functional Theory and Molecular Dynamics Study

Version 1 : Received: 7 January 2018 / Approved: 8 January 2018 / Online: 8 January 2018 (12:12:25 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Gaines, E.; Di Tommaso, D. Solvation and Aggregation of Meta-Aminobenzoic Acid in Water: Density Functional Theory and Molecular Dynamics Study. Pharmaceutics 2018, 10, 12. Gaines, E.; Di Tommaso, D. Solvation and Aggregation of Meta-Aminobenzoic Acid in Water: Density Functional Theory and Molecular Dynamics Study. Pharmaceutics 2018, 10, 12.

Journal reference: Pharmaceutics 2018, 10, 12
DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics10010012

Abstract

Meta-aminobenzoic acid, an important model system in the study of polymorphism and crystallization of active pharmaceutical ingredients, exist in water in both the nonionic (mABA) and zwitterionic (mABA±) forms. However, the constituent molecules of the polymorph that crystallizes from aqueous solutions are zwitterionic. This study reports atomistic simulations of the events surrounding the early stage of crystal nucleation of meta-aminobenzoic acid from aqueous solutions. Ab initio molecular dynamics was used to simulate the hydration of mABA± and mABA, and to quantify the interaction of these molecules with the surrounding water molecules. Density functional theory calculations were conducted to determine the low-lying energy conformers of meta-aminobenzoic acid dimers and compute the Gibbs free energies in water of nonionic, (mABA)2, zwitterionic, (mABA±)2 and nonionic-zwitterionic, (mABA)(mABA±), species. Classical molecular dynamics simulations of mixed mABA–mABA± aqueous solutions were carried out to examine the aggregation of meta-aminobenzoic acid. According to these simulations the selective crystallization of the polymorph which constituent molecules are zwitterionic is driven by the formation of zwitterionic dimers in solution, which are thermodynamically more stable than (mABA)2 and (mABA)(mABA±) pairs. This work represents a paradigm of the role of molecular processes during the early stages of crystal nucleation in affecting polymorph selection during crystallization from solution.

Subject Areas

meta-aminobenzoic acid; solvation; aggregation; polymorphism; atomistic simulations

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