Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Dynamic Carbohydrate Supply and Demand Model of Vegetative Growth: Response to Temperature, Light, Carbon Dioxide, and Daylength

Version 1 : Received: 29 November 2017 / Approved: 30 November 2017 / Online: 30 November 2017 (08:48:58 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Gent, M.P. Dynamic Carbohydrate Supply and Demand Model of Vegetative Growth: Response to Temperature, Light, Carbon Dioxide, and Day Length. Agronomy 2018, 8, 21. Gent, M.P. Dynamic Carbohydrate Supply and Demand Model of Vegetative Growth: Response to Temperature, Light, Carbon Dioxide, and Day Length. Agronomy 2018, 8, 21.

Journal reference: Agronomy 2018, 8, 21
DOI: 10.3390/agronomy8020021

Abstract

Predicting the growth response of seedlings from the environmental responses of photosynthesis and metabolism may be improved by considering the dynamics of non-structural carbohydrate, NSC, over a diurnal cycle. Attenuation of growth metabolism when NSC content is low could explain why some NSC is conserved through the night. A dynamic model, incorporating diurnal variation in NSC, was developed to simulate growth of seedlings hour-by-hour. I compared predictions of this model to published growth and NSC data for seedlings that varied according to temperature, light, day length, or CO2. Prolonged-darkness experiments showed a temperature dependent upper limit on the respiration capacity. Respiration was attenuated as NSC was depleted. Furthermore, when NSC was high at dawn, inhibition of photosynthesis could attenuate the accumulation of NSC under low temperature, or high light, or high CO2. These concepts were used to simulate plant metabolism and growth rates and diurnal variation of NSC in tomato seedlings under two light levels and various temperatures. Comparison of other results using the same model parameters showed the dynamic model could predict results for starch and starch-less plants, and when growth was affected by CO2 enrichment and day length.

Subject Areas

carbohydrate starvation; non-structural carbohydrate; photosynthesis; photosynthesis inhibition; respiration; relative growth rate; structure; diurnal variation

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