Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Study on Low Carbon Transition for Hazardous Chemical Packaging Based on Life Cycle Assessment and Grey Model

Version 1 : Received: 4 November 2017 / Approved: 6 November 2017 / Online: 6 November 2017 (04:55:20 CET)

How to cite: Feng, Z.; Zhao, L.; Wang, S.; Hou, Q. Study on Low Carbon Transition for Hazardous Chemical Packaging Based on Life Cycle Assessment and Grey Model. Preprints 2017, 2017110030 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201711.0030.v1). Feng, Z.; Zhao, L.; Wang, S.; Hou, Q. Study on Low Carbon Transition for Hazardous Chemical Packaging Based on Life Cycle Assessment and Grey Model. Preprints 2017, 2017110030 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201711.0030.v1).

Abstract

The purpose of this paper was to analyze the development trend of hazardous chemical packaging towards low carbon economy from both qualitative and quantitative perspectives. Four types of relatively small volume packaging with volume/weight less than 450L/400kg, respectively, and three intermediate bulk containers (IBCs), which are widely used for hazardous chemicals were studied to calculate the carbon footprint (CF) from cradle to grave using life cycle assessment (LCA) method and to predict the future carbon emission of hazardous chemical packaging in the next five years (2016-2020), based on the export data of Tianjin Port in China. Grey model (GM) was adopted in the prediction. The results showed that majority of IBCs have lower carbon footprint than other types when the packaging contained same amount of same hazardous chemical. With the development of international trading, the demand of hazardous chemicals will increase as well. As the result, carbon emission generated by hazardous chemical packaging will increase accordingly. However, based on GM simulation result, increasing the amount of IBC use will effectively reduce the relative amount of carbon emission.

Subject Areas

packaging; hazardous chemicals; life cycle assessment (LCA); grey model (GM); IBCs; carbon footprint (CF)

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