Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Roma Housing and Eating in 1775 and 2013: A Comparison

Version 1 : Received: 6 September 2017 / Approved: 7 September 2017 / Online: 7 September 2017 (04:46:54 CEST)

How to cite: Kozubik, M.; van Dijk, J.P.; Odraskova, B. Roma Housing and Eating in 1775 and 2013: A Comparison. Preprints 2017, 2017090022 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201709.0022.v1). Kozubik, M.; van Dijk, J.P.; Odraskova, B. Roma Housing and Eating in 1775 and 2013: A Comparison. Preprints 2017, 2017090022 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201709.0022.v1).

Abstract

Objectives: We compared housing and the eating habits of Roma. Contemporary findings (2013) were compared with those from the first monothematic work on Roma (1775) depicting their housing and eating habits. Methods: Data come from a journal (1775) and from semi-structured interviews (2013) with more than 70 Roma women and men who live segregated in excluded settlements at the edges of villages or scattered among the majority. Data were collected in two villages and one district town in the Tatra region, where data from the 1775 measurements originate. We used classical sociological theory and new ethnography to interpret the obtained data. Results: The main findings showed differences between specific social classes then and now regarding housing as well as eating habits, related to both conditions among Roma in the Tatra. The national Roma foods gója or marikľa are traditional foods of Slovak ancestors living in poverty in the country. The houses of Roma do not greatly differ from those of the majority. Conclusions: We conclude that life strategies of the citizens of poor settlements now are similar to two centuries ago, typical for the culture of poverty in various countries of the world even after the centuries.

Subject Areas

Roma; housing; eating habits; comparison; 18th century; 21st century; Slovakia

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