Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

An In Silico Study of a Novel rpoB Insertion in a Cluster of Clinical Strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Highly-Rifampicin Resistant

Version 1 : Received: 26 July 2017 / Approved: 27 July 2017 / Online: 27 July 2017 (11:07:55 CEST)

How to cite: Rossetti, M.L.R.; da Silva, P.A.; Maschmann, R.; von Groll, A.; Esteves, L.S.; Spies, F.S.; Sabini, E.; Trespach, R.R.; Dalla Costa, E.R.; de Amorim, H.L.N. An In Silico Study of a Novel rpoB Insertion in a Cluster of Clinical Strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Highly-Rifampicin Resistant. Preprints 2017, 2017070078 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201707.0078.v1). Rossetti, M.L.R.; da Silva, P.A.; Maschmann, R.; von Groll, A.; Esteves, L.S.; Spies, F.S.; Sabini, E.; Trespach, R.R.; Dalla Costa, E.R.; de Amorim, H.L.N. An In Silico Study of a Novel rpoB Insertion in a Cluster of Clinical Strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Highly-Rifampicin Resistant. Preprints 2017, 2017070078 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201707.0078.v1).

Abstract

Rifampicin is one of the most important chemotherapeutic agents used in the treatment of tuberculosis. M. tuberculosis clinical strains resistant to rifampicin harbor mainly mutation in an 81-base pair region of rpoB. These mutations mainly consist of single amino acid substitutions. However insertions also can be related with rifampicin resistance strains. Herein, we described an insertion of 12 nucleotides in clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis resistant to rifampicin, all obtained from inmates. To evaluate the importance this insertion in surviving and drug resistance, it were carried out fitness experimental assays as well as in silico studies of 3D structural models, molecular docking simulations and virtual screening. The medical records of the seven patients showed all were previously treated to tuberculosis. Growth curves shown that the insertion determines a biological cost when compared to wild type rpoB and katG; or the double mutated rpoB S531L and katG S315T. From docking and molecular dynamics simulations it can be inferred that the insertion does not affect the process of synthesis of RNA transcripts. On the other hand, in the mutant RNAP-RIF complex rifampicin confirmed a low affinity interaction for the mutant form. Interesting, virtual screening for potential inhibitors for wtRNAP and mRNAP using a library of 1446 compounds approved by the FDA showed that the best ligands were mainly compounds with antibiotic activity, although the targets involved in the pharmacological action are other than RNAP. In conclusion, seven strains of M. tuberculosis RIF resistant that present an insertion of four amino acids in RNA polymerase showed by growth curve assays, a biological cost. Further, bioinformatics tools had characterized the putative drug resistance dynamic as well as the maintenance of RNA polymerase activity.

Subject Areas

Rifampicin; insertion; biological cost; M. tuberculosis; resistance; structural bioinformatics

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