Preprint Review Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Regulation and Modulation of Human DNA Polymerase δ Activity and Function

Version 1 : Received: 7 July 2017 / Approved: 10 July 2017 / Online: 10 July 2017 (08:44:53 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Lee, M.Y.W.T.; Wang, X.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, Z.; Lee, E.Y.C. Regulation and Modulation of Human DNA Polymerase δ Activity and Function. Genes 2017, 8, 190. Lee, M.Y.W.T.; Wang, X.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, Z.; Lee, E.Y.C. Regulation and Modulation of Human DNA Polymerase δ Activity and Function. Genes 2017, 8, 190.

Journal reference: Genes 2017, 8, 190
DOI: 10.3390/genes8070190

Abstract

This review focuses on the regulation and modulation of human DNA polymerase δ (Pol δ). The emphasis is on mechanisms that regulate the activity and properties of Pol δ in DNA repair and replication. The areas covered are the degradation of the p12 subunit of Pol δ, which converts it from a heterotetramer (Pol δ4) to a heterotrimer (Pol δ3), in response to DNA damage and also during the cell cycle. The biochemical mechanisms that lead to degradation of p12 are reviewed, as well as the properties of Pol δ4 and Pol δ3 that provide insights into their functions in DNA replication and repair. The second focus of the review involves the functions of two Pol δ binding proteins, PDIP46 and PDIP38, both of which are multi-functional proteins. PDIP46 is a novel activator of Pol δ4, and the impact of this function is discussed in relation to its potential roles in DNA replication. Several new models for the roles of Pol δ3 and Pol δ4 in leading and lagging strand DNA synthesis that integrate a role for PDIP46 are presented. PDIP38 has multiple cellular localizations including the mitochondria, the splicesosomes and the nucleus. It has been implicated in a number of cellular functions, including the regulation of specialized DNA polymerases, mitosis, the DNA damage response, Mdm2 alternative splicing and the regulation of the Nox4 NADPH oxidase.

Subject Areas

DNA polymerase δ; PDIP46; poldip3; PDIP38; poldip2; DNA replication; enzyme regulation; DNA damage response; p12 subunit; E3 ligases; cell cycle

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