Kiriya, M.; Okuda, T.; Yamazaki, H.; Hatoya, K.; Kaneyasu, N.; Uno, I.; Nishita, C.; Hara, K.; Hayashi, M.; Funato, K.; Inoue, K.; Yamamoto, S.; Yoshino, A.; Takami, A. Monthly and Diurnal Variation of the Concentrations of Aerosol Surface Area in Fukuoka, Japan, Measured by Diffusion Charging Method. Atmosphere2017, 8, 114.
Kiriya, M.; Okuda, T.; Yamazaki, H.; Hatoya, K.; Kaneyasu, N.; Uno, I.; Nishita, C.; Hara, K.; Hayashi, M.; Funato, K.; Inoue, K.; Yamamoto, S.; Yoshino, A.; Takami, A. Monthly and Diurnal Variation of the Concentrations of Aerosol Surface Area in Fukuoka, Japan, Measured by Diffusion Charging Method. Atmosphere 2017, 8, 114.
Observation of the ambient aerosol surface area concentrations is important to understand the aerosol toxicity because an increased surface area may be able to act as an enhanced reaction interface for certain reactions between aerosol particles and biological cells, as well as an augmented carrier surface for co-pollutants. In this study, the concentration of aerosol surface area was measured from April 2015 to March 2016 in Fukuoka, Japan. We investigated the monthly and diurnal variations in the correlations between the aerosol surface area and black carbon (BC) and sulfate concentrations. Throughout the year, aerosol surface area concentration was strongly correlated with the concentrations of BC, which has relatively large surface area since BC particles are usually submicron agglomerates consisting of much smaller (tens of nanometers) sized primary soot particles. The slopes of the regression between the aerosol surface area and BC concentrations was highest in August and September 2015. This appears to have been the results of an increase in the proportion of the airmass that originated on the main islands of Japan. This may enhance the introduction of the BC from the main islands of Japan that is relatively fresh (or “uncoated”), thereby maintaining its larger surface area.
Asian monsoon; black carbon; long-range transport; land and sea breeze; sulfate; surface area; surface coating of particles
EARTH SCIENCES, Atmospheric Science
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.