Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Challenges and Opportunities for Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into WaSH Development Planning in Ghana

Version 1 : Received: 31 May 2017 / Approved: 31 May 2017 / Online: 31 May 2017 (11:44:04 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Alhassan, S.; Hadwen, W.L. Challenges and Opportunities for Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into WaSH Development Planning in Ghana. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 749. Alhassan, S.; Hadwen, W.L. Challenges and Opportunities for Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into WaSH Development Planning in Ghana. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 749.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 749
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14070749

Abstract

Climate change threatens water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) facilities and services, as these are intimately linked to the water cycle and are vulnerable to changes in the quantity and quality of available water resources. Floods and droughts, which pollute and reduce water delivery respectively, have now become a perennial issue to deal with in the northern regions of the country, including the Bolgatanga Municipality. This study aimed to assess the degree to which climate change adaptation measures are mainstreamed into the WaSH development planning process in Ghana. Stakeholders from government and non-government agencies were interviewed to gain perspectives on the threat of climate change, the inclusion of climate change in WaSH planning and the barriers preventing mainstreaming. In general, despite awareness and concern about climate change, adaptation measures have been regarded to be far away from the immediate concerns of WaSH development planning. Most of the current measures are reactive and respond to environmental issues rather than to climate change stressors. In essence, stakeholders expressed the view that the adaptive capacity of the Municipality was low and that mainstreaming has not yet occurred. Despite the lack of progress, there are great opportunities for mainstreaming climate change adaptation into planning through increasing awareness and capacity, legislative and institutional changes and the development of participatory systems to provide early warning systems and disaster risk analyses that will inform future planning.

Subject Areas

climate change; adaptation; WaSH; policy; sustainability; development

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