Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Environmental, Human Health and Socio-Economic Effects of Cement Powders: the Multicriteria Analysis as Decisional Methodology

Version 1 : Received: 12 May 2017 / Approved: 12 May 2017 / Online: 12 May 2017 (17:45:58 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Moretti, L.; Di Mascio, P.; Bellagamba, S. Environmental, Human Health and Socio-Economic Effects of Cement Powders: The Multicriteria Analysis as Decisional Methodology. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 645. Moretti, L.; Di Mascio, P.; Bellagamba, S. Environmental, Human Health and Socio-Economic Effects of Cement Powders: The Multicriteria Analysis as Decisional Methodology. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 645.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 645
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14060645

Abstract

The attention to sustainable-related issues has grown fast in recent decades. The experience gained with these themes reveals the importance of considering this topic in the construction industry, which represents an important sector in the world. This work consists on conducting a multicriteria analysis of four cement powders, with the objective of calculating and analysing the environmental, human health and socio-economic effects of their production processes. The economic, technical, environmental and safety performances of the examined powders result from official, both internal and public, documents prepared by the producers. The Analytic Hierarchy Process permitted to consider several indicators (i.e. environmental, human health related and socio-economic parameters) and to conduct comprehensive and unbiased analyses which gave the best, most sustainable cement powder. As assumed in this study, the contribution of each considered parameter to the overall sustainability has a different incidence, therefore the procedure could be used to support on-going sustainability efforts under different conditions. The results also prove that it is incorrect to consider only one parameter to select the ‘best’ cement powder, but several impact categories should be considered and analysed if there is an interest for pursuing different, often conflicting interests.

Subject Areas

Cement; Multicriteria analysis; Life Cycle Analysis; Construction industry

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