Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Epigenetic Regulation of A Heat-Activated Retrotransposon in Cruciferous Vegetables

Version 1 : Received: 1 May 2017 / Approved: 2 May 2017 / Online: 2 May 2017 (04:58:58 CEST)

How to cite: Nozawa, K.; Kawagishi, Y.; Kawabe, A.; Sato, M.; Masuta, Y.; Kato, A.; Ito, H. Epigenetic Regulation of A Heat-Activated Retrotransposon in Cruciferous Vegetables. Preprints 2017, 2017050022 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201705.0022.v1). Nozawa, K.; Kawagishi, Y.; Kawabe, A.; Sato, M.; Masuta, Y.; Kato, A.; Ito, H. Epigenetic Regulation of A Heat-Activated Retrotransposon in Cruciferous Vegetables. Preprints 2017, 2017050022 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201705.0022.v1).

Abstract

Transposable elements (TEs) are highly abundant in plant genomes. Environmental stress is one of the critical stimuli that activate TEs. We analyzed a heat-activated retrotransposon named ONSEN in cruciferous vegetables. The multiple copies of ONSEN-like elements (OLEs) were found in all the cruciferous vegetables that were analyzed. The copy number of OLE was abundant in Brassica oleracea, which includes cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprout, and kale. Phylogenic analysis demonstrated that some OLEs transposed after the allopolyploidization of parental Brassica species. Furthermore, we found that the increasing number of OLEs in B. oleracea appeared to be induced transpositional silencing by epigenetic regulation, including DNA methylation. The results of this study would be relevant to the understanding of evolutionary adaptations to thermal environmental stress in different species.

Subject Areas

heat stress; cruciferae; ONSEN; retrotransposon

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