Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Mosquito Traps: An Innovative, Environmental Friendly Technique to Control Mosquitoes

Version 1 : Received: 16 March 2017 / Approved: 17 March 2017 / Online: 17 March 2017 (03:22:05 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Poulin, B.; Lefebvre, G.; Muranyi-Kovacs, C.; Hilaire, S. Mosquito Traps: An Innovative, Environmentally Friendly Technique to Control Mosquitoes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 313. Poulin, B.; Lefebvre, G.; Muranyi-Kovacs, C.; Hilaire, S. Mosquito Traps: An Innovative, Environmentally Friendly Technique to Control Mosquitoes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 313.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 313
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14030313

Abstract

We tested the use of mosquito traps as an alternative to insecticide spraying in Camargue (France) following the significant impacts observed on the non-target fauna through Bti persistence and trophic perturbations. In a village of 600 inhabitants, 16 Techno-Bam traps emitting CO2 and using octenol lures were set from April to November 2016. Trap performance was estimated at 70% overall based on mosquito landing on human baits in areas with and without traps. Reduction of Ochlerotatus caspius and Oc. detritus, the two species targeted by Bti spraying, was respectively 74 and 98%. Traps were less efficient against Anopheles hyrcanus (46%), which was more attracted by lactic-acid than octenol lures based on previous tests. Nearly 300 000 mosquitoes from nine species were captured, with large variations among traps, emphasizing that trap performance is also influenced by surrounding factors. Environmental impact, based on the proportion of non-target insects captured, was mostly limited to small chironomids attracted by street lights. Breeding success of a house martin colony was not significantly affected by trap use, in contrast to Bti spraying. Our experiment confirms that deployment of mosquito traps can offer a cost-effective alternative to Bti spraying for protecting local populations from mosquito nuisance in sensitive natural areas.

Subject Areas

Bti-spraying alternative; Camargue; environmental impacts; mosquito control; Techno Bam traps

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