Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Calcium Silicate/Chitosan-Coated Electrospun Poly (lactic acid) Fibers for Bone Tissue Engineering

Version 1 : Received: 28 February 2017 / Approved: 1 March 2017 / Online: 1 March 2017 (17:03:43 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Su, C.-J.; Tu, M.-G.; Wei, L.-J.; Hsu, T.-T.; Kao, C.-T.; Chen, T.-H.; Huang, T.-H. Calcium Silicate/Chitosan-Coated Electrospun Poly (Lactic Acid) Fibers for Bone Tissue Engineering. Materials 2017, 10, 501. Su, C.-J.; Tu, M.-G.; Wei, L.-J.; Hsu, T.-T.; Kao, C.-T.; Chen, T.-H.; Huang, T.-H. Calcium Silicate/Chitosan-Coated Electrospun Poly (Lactic Acid) Fibers for Bone Tissue Engineering. Materials 2017, 10, 501.

Journal reference: Materials 2017, 10, 501
DOI: 10.3390/ma10050501

Abstract

Electrospinning is the versatile technique to generate large quantities of micro- or nano-fibers from a wide variety of shapes and sizes of polymer. Natural bone is a hierarchically composites with the dispersion of inorganic ceramic along organic polymer. The aim of this study, the electrospun poly (lactic acid) (PLA) mats coated with chitosan (CH) and calcium silicate (CS) powder were fabricated. The morphology, chemical composition, and surface properties of CS/CH-PLA composites were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. In vitro, the CS/CH-coated PLA mats increased the formation of apatite on the surface when soaking in cell cultured medium. During culture, the adhesion and proliferation of the human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) cultured on CS/CH-PLA were significantly promoted relative to those on PLA. Collagen I and fibronectin levels and promoted cell adhesion were observed upon an increase in CS content. Further, compared to PLA mats without CS/CH, CS10 and CS15 mats markedly enhanced the proliferation of hMSCs as well as their osteogenesis properties, which was characterized by bone-related gene expression. Our results demonstrated that the biodegradable and electroactive CS/CH-PLA mats had potential application as an ideal candidate for bone tissue engineering. Together, findings from this study clearly demonstrated that PLLA-C2S composite scaffold may function as an ideal candidate for bone tissue engineering.

Subject Areas

Poly (lactic acid); chitosan; calcium silicate; tissue engineering; osteogenesis

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