Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Danggui-Shaoyao-San, a Traditional Chinese Medicine, Relieved Depression and Cognitive Disorder Induced by Chronic Restraint Stress Involved in Regulating Dendritic Spines Remodeling

Version 1 : Received: 31 January 2017 / Approved: 31 January 2017 / Online: 31 January 2017 (15:30:41 CET)

How to cite: Zhou, K.; Yin, J.; Wu, H.; Hu, W.; Gao, Z.; Li, F.; Wu, A.; Wang, W.; Kou, J. Danggui-Shaoyao-San, a Traditional Chinese Medicine, Relieved Depression and Cognitive Disorder Induced by Chronic Restraint Stress Involved in Regulating Dendritic Spines Remodeling. Preprints 2017, 2017010138 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0138.v1). Zhou, K.; Yin, J.; Wu, H.; Hu, W.; Gao, Z.; Li, F.; Wu, A.; Wang, W.; Kou, J. Danggui-Shaoyao-San, a Traditional Chinese Medicine, Relieved Depression and Cognitive Disorder Induced by Chronic Restraint Stress Involved in Regulating Dendritic Spines Remodeling. Preprints 2017, 2017010138 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0138.v1).

Abstract

Background: Clinical trails have revealed that patients with depression generally accompanied with learning and memory impairment, which critically impact on individual’s health and development. Danggui-Shaoyao-San (DSS), a famous Chinese complex prescription, significantly overcame depression and relieved cognitive disorder based on previous research and publication. However, its effectsand potential mechanism against chronic restraint stress (CRS) remained unknown. Methods: CRS animal model was established and mice were divided to six groups while they were oral administrated with Danggui-Shaoyao-San at doses of 1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg for 14 days. Emotional and cognitive performances were detected by behavior tests, meanwhile neural plasticity and its molecular mechanism were examined by Dil staining, western blot and immunofluorescence. Results: DSS treatment dose-dependently improved locomotion ability in open filed test, overcame depression behavior in forced swimming test and elevated plus maze test, enhanced learning and memory ability in Morris water maze test. CRS decreased number of total spines and mushroom spines, while DSS treatment dose-dependently restored these by Dil staining. Expression of BDNF and GluR1 were significantly down-regulated in CRS group, which were significantly normalized by DSS. Conclusions: DSS treatment dose-dependently reversed CRS-induced cognitive impairments by inducing structural remodeling of neurons.

Subject Areas

Danggui-Shaoyao-San, chronic restraint stress, learning and memory, anxiety/depression, structural plasticity

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