Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Peierls and Spin-Peierls Instabilities in the Per2[M(mnt)2] Series of One-Dimensional Organic Conductors; Experimental Realization of a 1D Kondo Lattice for M = Pd, Ni and Pt

Version 1 : Received: 25 January 2017 / Approved: 26 January 2017 / Online: 26 January 2017 (07:48:59 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Pouget, J.-P.; Foury-Leylekian, P.; Almeida, M. Peierls and Spin-Peierls Instabilities in the Per2[M(mnt)2] Series of One-Dimensional Organic Conductors; Experimental Realization of a 1D Kondo Lattice for M = Pd, Ni and Pt. Magnetochemistry 2017, 3, 13. Pouget, J.-P.; Foury-Leylekian, P.; Almeida, M. Peierls and Spin-Peierls Instabilities in the Per2[M(mnt)2] Series of One-Dimensional Organic Conductors; Experimental Realization of a 1D Kondo Lattice for M = Pd, Ni and Pt. Magnetochemistry 2017, 3, 13.

Journal reference: Magnetochemistry 2017, 3, 13
DOI: 10.3390/magnetochemistry3010013

Abstract

We summarize structural instabilities exhibited by the one dimensional (1D) (arene)2X family of organic conductors in relation with their electronic and magnetic properties. With a charge transfer of one electron to each anion X these salts exhibit a quarter-filled (hole) conduction band located on the donor stacks. Compounds built with donors such as fluorenthene and perylene derivatives and anions X such PF6 or AsF6 exhibit a high temperature (TP~170K) conventional Peierls transition which is announced by a sizeable regime of 1D 2kF charge density wave fluctuations (kF is the Fermi wave vector of the 1D electron gas located on Per stacks). Surprisingly, and probably because of the presence of a multi-sheet warped Fermi surface, the Peierls transition is considerably reduced in the perylene series α-(Per)2[M(mnt)2] where X is the dithiolate molecule with M=Au, Cu, Co and Fe. A special attention is devoted in this paper to physical properties of α-(Per)2[M(mnt)2] salts which with M=Pt, Pd and Ni incorporate segregated S=1/2 1D antiferromagnetic (AF) dithiolate stacks with 1D metallic Per stacks. We analyse conjointly the structural and magnetic properties of these salts in relation with the 1D spin-Peierls (SP) instability located on the dithiolate stacks. We show that the SP instability of the Pd and Ni derivatives occurs in the classical (adiabatic limit) while the SP instability of the Pt derivative occurs in the quantum (anti-adiabatic limit). Furthermore we show that in the Pd and Ni derivatives frustrated 1st neighbour direct and 2nd neighbour indirect (through a fine tuning with the mediated 2kF RKKY coupling interaction on Per stacks) AF interactions add their contribution to the SP instability to open a singlet-triplet gap. Our analysis of the data show unambiguously that magnetic α-(Per)2[M(mnt)2] salts are a typical realization of the physics predicted for two chain 1D Kondo lattices.

Subject Areas

organic conductors; one dimensional metal; Kondo lattice; Peierls and spin-Peierls transitions; frustrated anti-ferromagnetic systems

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