Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

Evaluation of Rational Drug Use for Acute Pharyngitis Associated with the Incidence and Prevalence of the Disease at Two Community Health Centers in Indonesia

Version 1 : Received: 30 December 2016 / Approved: 30 December 2016 / Online: 30 December 2016 (07:37:07 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Yuniar, C.T.; Anggadiredja, K.; Islamiyah, A.N. Evaluation of Rational Drug Use for Acute Pharyngitis Associated with the Incidence and Prevalence of the Disease at Two Community Health Centers in Indonesia. Sci. Pharm. 2017, 85, 22. Yuniar, C.T.; Anggadiredja, K.; Islamiyah, A.N. Evaluation of Rational Drug Use for Acute Pharyngitis Associated with the Incidence and Prevalence of the Disease at Two Community Health Centers in Indonesia. Sci. Pharm. 2017, 85, 22.

Journal reference: Sci. Pharm. 2017, 85, 22
DOI: 10.3390/scipharm85020022

Abstract

According to Indonesia’s result of Basic Health Research of 2013, prevalence of acute respiratory infection in 2007 and 2013 were not different (25.5% and 25.0%, respectively). Identifying the cause of acute pharyngitis is a key point in determining the optimal treatment. The main purpose is to evaluate the rational use of drugs and its irrational impact as well as the correlation of the drug use with the incidence and prevalence of acute pharyngitis. This study was a descriptive and observational study, carried out retrospectively and concurrently at two community health centers located in Bandung and Cimahi, Indonesia. There were 80.01% over prescription of antibiotics, with a total of 8.98% is non-treatment option, and 62.43% irrational used of corticosteroids. The incidence and prevalence of acute pharyngitis at one health center in Bandung were 2.45% and 2.31%, respectively, with irrationality rate of 83.82%. Those recorded at one health center in Cimahi were 2.11% of incidence and 2.00% of prevalence with irrational rate of 91.29%. It can be concluded that there were still irrational use of medicines in the treatment of acute pharyngitis in community health center. The higher incidence and prevalence might indicate the declining health services quality.

Subject Areas

acute pharyngitis; rational use of drugs; incidence; prevalence

Readers' Comments and Ratings (1)

Importance: How significant is the paper to the field?
Outstanding/highlight paper
0%
Significant contribution
0%
Incremental contribution
100%
No contribution
0%
Soundness of evidence/arguments presented:
Conclusions well supported
100%
Most conclusions supported (minor revision needed)
0%
Incomplete evidence (major revision needed)
0%
Hypothesis, unsupported conclusions, or proof-of-principle
0%
Comment 1
Received: 4 May 2017
Commenter: Linghua Ding
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Interesting!
+ Respond to this comment
Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Rate this article
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 1
Metrics 0
Leave a public comment

×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.