Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Seasonal Trend Analysis of Climatic Parameters Relation to Impacts on the Crop Productivity of the Major Crops in Bangladesh

Version 1 : Received: 11 December 2016 / Approved: 12 December 2016 / Online: 12 December 2016 (09:59:28 CET)

How to cite: Rashmi, N.; Hossain, M.; Hasanuzzaman, M. Seasonal Trend Analysis of Climatic Parameters Relation to Impacts on the Crop Productivity of the Major Crops in Bangladesh. Preprints 2016, 2016120062 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201612.0062.v1). Rashmi, N.; Hossain, M.; Hasanuzzaman, M. Seasonal Trend Analysis of Climatic Parameters Relation to Impacts on the Crop Productivity of the Major Crops in Bangladesh. Preprints 2016, 2016120062 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201612.0062.v1).

Abstract

In Bangladesh, climate change is a major concern because of its geophysical location and climate dependent agriculture. As sessile organisms, crops plants have to face difficulties often in this environmentally vulnerable country. Therefore, this study examines the seasonal trend of two climatic parameters viz. temperature (maximum and minimum) and rainfall over a period of 1983 to 2013. Besides, this study provides insight into the relationship between climatic parameters and crop yield of two major crops viz. rice and wheat during 1997-2013. To assess the relationship of climatic parameters with time and yield using Pearson correlation analysis, time series data used at an aggregate level. SPSS software utilized for this analysis. The cropping seasons such as rice growing seasons Aus (summer rice), Aman (autumn rice) and Boro (winter rice) exhibited a significant increase in maximum and minimum temperature. Rainfall found to have a decreasing trend for all the seasons. This study also revealed that the climatic parameters had significant effects on rice yield, but these results varied among three rice crops. Maximum temperature had positive effects on all rice yields, especially on Aus and Aman. Minimum temperature had a negative effect on Aman rice yield but a positive effect on Aus rice yield. Wheat yield negatively associated with temperature. Rainfall exhibited negative relation with both rice and wheat yield.

Subject Areas

agricultural productivity; agrometeorology; climate change; crop yield

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