ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202107.0195.v1
Subject: Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry Keywords: Loop-mediated isothermal amplification; AXL over expression; core-shell beads assay
Online: 8 July 2021 (10:57:31 CEST)
The upregulated expression of thyrosine kinase AXL has been reported in several hematologic and solid human tumors including gastric, breast, colorectal, prostate, and ovarian cancers. Thus, AXL can potentially serve as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for various cancers. This paper reports the first-ever use of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of the AXL gene as a diagnostic method for ovarian cancer. We demonstrated simple instrumentation toward a point-of-care device to perform LAMP. This paper also reports the first-ever use of core-shell beads as a microreactor to perform LAMP as an attempt to promote environmentally friendly laboratory practices.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202210.0213.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Fluids & Plasmas Keywords: double emulsion; core-shell droplet; microfluidics; tri-axial capillary; computational fluid dynamics; dripping regime.
Online: 14 October 2022 (13:19:39 CEST)
We investigated experimentally, analytically and numerically the formation process of double emulsion formations under dripping regime in a tri-axial co-flow capillary device. The results show that mismatches of core and shell droplets under a given flow condition can be captured both experimentally and numerically. We propose a semi-analytical model using the match ratio between the pinch-off length of the shell droplet and the product of the core growth rate and its pinch-off time. The mismatch issue can be avoided if the match ratio is lower than unity. We considered a model with the wall effect to predict the size of the matched double emulsion. The model shows slight deviations with experimental data if the Reynolds number of continuous phase is lower than 0.06, but asymptotically approaches to good agreement if the Reynolds number increases from 0.06 to 0.14. The numerical simulation generally agrees with the experiments under various flow conditions.