ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202106.0050.v1
Subject: Keywords: Montivipera bornmuelleri snake venom; F1F0-ATPase; Staphylococcus epidermidis; Escherichia coli; antibacterial activity; HCT116 cells; anticancer activity
Online: 2 June 2021 (07:21:59 CEST)
In this work, we pursued the biological characterization of the venom of Montivipera born-muelleri, a viper from the Lebanese mountains. In relativity to its antibacterial potential, the in-hibitory effect of this venom on the F1F0-ATPase enzymes of Gram-positive Staphylocoocus epider-midis and Gram-negative Escherichia coli bacteria was examined. In order to determine the de-gree of cytotoxicity of the venom on the HCT116 human colon cancer cell lines, the biological MTT proliferation and cell viability test were implemented. After validation of the enzymatic F1F0-ATPase model by the spectrophotometric method, using quercetin as the reference ligand, re-sults revealed that M. bornmuelleri venom is able to inhibit the activity of the enzyme of these two bacteria with a concentration of the order of 100-150 µg/mL. In addition, a venom concentration of 10 µg/mL was sufficient to kill the totality of HCT116 cell lines cultivated in vitro. These data show that M. bornmuelleri venom is a mixture of diverse molecules presenting activities of interest and is a potential source to explore in order to discover new drug candidates.