REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202009.0547.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Cell & Developmental Biology Keywords: cardiovascular disease; ischemic disease; therapeutic angiogenesis; endothelial colony forming cells; signaling pathways; genetic modification; pharmacological conditioning
Online: 23 September 2020 (09:42:46 CEST)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) comprises a group of heart and circulatory disorders, which are regarded as a global medical issue with high prevalence and mortality rates. Currently, vascular regenerative surgery represents the most employed therapeutic option to treat ischemic disorders, even though not all the patients are amenable to surgical revascularization. Therefore, more efficient therapeutic approaches are urgently required to promote neovascularization. Therapeutic angiogenesis represents an emerging strategy that aims at reconstructing the damaged vascular network by stimulating local angiogenesis and/or promoting de novo blood vessel formation according to a process known as vasculogenesis. Circulating endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs), in turn, represent truly endothelial precursors able to aggregate into bidimensional tube networks and to originate patent vessels. Accordingly, ECFCs provide the most rationale and promising cellular candidate for therapeutic purposes. The current review provides a brief outline on the origin and characterization of ECFCs and a summary of the progress in preclinical studies aiming at assessing their efficacy in a variety of ischemic disorders, including AMI, PAD, ischemic brain disease and retinopathy. We also describe how to enhance the vasoreparative potential of ECFCs by boosting specific pro-angiogenic signalling pathways either pharmacologically or through gene manipulation. Taken together, these observations suggest that ECFCs represent a useful strategy to treat ischemic diseases.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202001.0245.v1
Subject: Medicine & Pharmacology, Cardiology Keywords: persistent atrail fibrilation; epicardial ablation; calcium channels; SERCA
Online: 21 January 2020 (11:48:04 CET)
Objectives: To evaluate atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence and Sarcoplasmic Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium ATPase (SERCA) levels in patients treated by epicardial thoracoscopic ablation for persistent AF. Background: Reduced levels of SERCA have been reported in the peripheral blood cells of patients with AF. We hypothesize that SERCA levels can predict the response to epicardial ablation. Methods: We designed a prospective, multicenter observational study to recruit, from October 2014 to June 2016, patients with persistent AF receiving an epicardial thoracoscopic pulmonary vein isolation. Results: We enrolled 27 patients; responders patients (n=15) did not present AF recurrence after epicardial ablation at 1-year follow-up. These patients displayed a marked remodeling of the left atrium, with a significant reduction of inflammatory cytokines, B type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP), and over expression of SERCA as compared to baseline and to non-responders (p<0.05). Furthermore, mean AF duration (HR 1.235 [1.037-1.471], p<0.05), LAV (HR 1.755 [1.126-2.738], p<0.05), BNP (HR 1.945 [1.895-1.999], p<0.05), and SERCA (HR 1.763 [1.167-2.663], p<0.05) were predictive of AF recurrence. Conclusions: Our data indicate that baseline values of SERCA in patients with persistent AF might be predictive of failure to epicardial ablative approach. Intriguingly, epicardial ablation was associated with increased levels of SERCA in responders. Therefore, SERCA might be an innovative therapeutic target to improve the response to epicardial ablative treatments.