REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202306.1279.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Other Keywords: Cardiovascular Imaging; Rectal Imaging; Liver Imaging; Computed Tomography; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Ultrasound
Online: 19 June 2023 (04:05:05 CEST)
Recently, Medical Radiology has undergone significant improvements in patients’ management due to advancements in image acquisition by last generation machines, data processing, and integration of artificial intelligence. In this way, cardiovascular imaging is one of the fastest growing radiological subspecialty. A compressive review was focused on addressing how and why CT and MR have gained a I class indication in most cardiovascular diseases, and the potential impact of the tissue and functional characterization by CT photon counting, quantitative MR mapping, and 4-D flow. Regarding rectal imaging, advances in cancer imaging by using diffusion-weighted MRI sequences for identifying residual disease after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and [18F] FDG PET/MRI were provided for high-resolution anatomical and functional data in oncological patients. We offered a large overview on the approach to the imaging of diffuse and focal liver diseases by US elastography, contrast-enhanced US, quantitative MRI, and CT for the patient’s risk stratification. Italy is riding the wave of these improvements. The development of large networks will be crucial to create high-quality databases for a patient-centered precision medicine by artificial intelligence. dedicated radiologists with specific training and a close relationship with the referring clinicians will be the essential human factor.