ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201907.0033.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Atomic & Molecular Physics Keywords: laser-induced plasma; atomic spectroscopy; laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; 29 atomic spectroscopy; principal component analysis; partial least-square regression; gypsum; Mars
Online: 2 July 2019 (08:03:52 CEST)
The first detection of gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) by the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover Curiosity in the Gale Crater, Mars created a profound impact on planetary science and exploration. The unique capability of plasma spectroscopy involving in situ elemental analysis in extraterrestrial environments, suggesting the presence of water in the red planet based on phase characterization and providing a clue to Martian paleoclimate. The key to gypsum as an ideal paleoclimate proxy lies in its textural variants, and in this study terrestrial gypsum samples from varied locations and textural types have been analyzed by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) technique. Petrographic, sub-microscopic and powder X-ray diffraction characterizations confirm the presence of gypsum (hydrated calcium sulphate; CaSO4.2H2O), bassanite (semi-hydrated calcium sulphate; CaSO4.1/2H2O) and anhydrite (anhydrous calcium sulphate; CaSO4) along with accessory phases (quartz and jarosite). The principal component analysis of LIBS spectra from texturally varied gypsums can be differentiated from one another because of the chemical variability in their elemental concentrations. The concentration of gypsum is determined from the partial least-square regressions model. Rapid characterization of gypsum samples with LIBS is expected to work well in extraterrestrial environments.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201807.0319.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Applied Physics Keywords: laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; atomic spectroscopy; plasma spectroscopy; laser spectroscopy; physical properties of biomaterials
Online: 18 July 2018 (08:34:46 CEST)
This work reports measurements of calcified gallstone elemental compositions using laser-induced optical emission spectroscopy. The experimental results support the importance of the magnesium concentration in gallstone growth. Granular stones reveal an increased magnesium concentration at the periphery of the granules, suggesting the inhibition of further growth. Non-granular gallstones reveal lower overall magnesium concentrations but with higher values near the center.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202209.0337.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Applied Physics Keywords: optical emission spectroscopy; laser induced optical breakdown; trichosanthes dioica; pointed gourd; diabetes; biomedicine; biophysics
Online: 22 September 2022 (09:41:00 CEST)
This interdisciplinary work communicates identification and quantification of elements responsible for the bioactive potency of leaves from pointed gourd, trichosanthes dioica,using laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). Calibration-free LIBS determines the presence of various trace and major elements, their concentrations, and ratios in which they are present in the leaves. The presence of specific elemental ratios of magnesium/sodium and magnesium/potassium could be promising for managing diabetes mellitus. Variable doses of 500, 750, 1000, and 1250 mg per kg body weight of aqueous extract from trichosanthes dioica leaves are administered. A dose of 1000 mg per kg body weight is found to be the most effective. Based on encouraging results, the extract could be harvested to serve as anti-diabetic medication for diabetes and associated symptoms.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202001.0308.v1
Subject: Chemistry, Physical Chemistry Keywords: Dergaon Meteorite; calibration-free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy; atomic spectroscopy; molecular spectroscopy; planetary diagnosis
Online: 26 January 2020 (04:39:18 CET)
Meteorites represent the recoverable portions of asteroids occurring between Mars and Jupiter within the solar system that reach the surface of the Earth. Meteorites are rare extraterrestrial objects studied extensively to improve understanding of planetary evolution. In this work, calibration-free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (CF-LIBS) evaluates quantitative elemental and molecular analysis of the Dergaon meteorite, an H 4-5 chondrite fall sample, Assam, India. Spectral signatures of H, N, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, K, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Ir, are measured. Along with the atomic emission, this work reports as well molecular emission from FeO molecules. The concentration of the measured elements obtained using CF-LIBS are in close agreement with earlier reports. The elements H, N and O and their concentrations are estimated using CF-LIBS for the first time. This study applies laser spectroscopy to establish presence of Ni, Cr, Co, and Ir in meteorites. Elemental analysis forms the basis for establishment of potential molecular composition of the Dergaon meteorite. Moreover, the elemental analysis approach bodes well for in-situ analyses of extraterrestrial objects including applications in planetary rover missions.