REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints201902.0122.v4
Subject: Life Sciences, Biophysics Keywords: Leishmania; leishmaniasis; Theoretical Physics and Chimistry; Molecular Dynamics
Online: 1 March 2022 (12:58:34 CET)
We report on the state of the art of research on proteins recognized as potential targets for the development of Leishmania treatments and the search of active chemical species. We have reviewed information from experimental in vitro, in vivo, or in silico sources. We classify the gathered information on: a) vector taxonomy and geographical distribution, b) parasite taxonomy, geographical distribution, c) enzymatic function of proteins related to the parasite/host in any of its development states, id. est., oxidoreductases, transferases, hydrolases, lyases, isomerases, ligases and cytokines, and d) information on standard and non-standard treatments from bioactive chemical species. Our aim is to provide a much needed reference layout for research efforts aimed to understand the interaction mechanisms of ligand-protein activation/inactivation processes, specifically related to Leishmania, thus, we focus on enzymes known to be part of the biochemical molecular pathways initiated following a Leishmania infectious episode.