Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Characterisation of Some Rhizobium EPS and Their Biopreservative Potentials on Shelf Life Extension of Musa Species

Version 1 : Received: 14 March 2023 / Approved: 15 March 2023 / Online: 15 March 2023 (01:35:16 CET)

How to cite: Akpeji, S.C.; AdebayoTayo, B.C.; Ossai, C.O. Characterisation of Some Rhizobium EPS and Their Biopreservative Potentials on Shelf Life Extension of Musa Species. Preprints 2023, 2023030263. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202303.0263.v1. Akpeji, S.C.; AdebayoTayo, B.C.; Ossai, C.O. Characterisation of Some Rhizobium EPS and Their Biopreservative Potentials on Shelf Life Extension of Musa Species. Preprints 2023, 2023030263. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202303.0263.v1.

Abstract

Exopolysaccharides-EPS are long-chain biopolymer with branched, recurring unit of sugars and non-carbohydrate constituents connected to exterior of cells. Rhizobial, a legume nodulating organism is capable of producing EPS. This study investigated the characteristics’ of some Rhizobium EPS and their effects in shelf life extension of some Musa spp. Rhizobial-EPS was produced using yeast extract mineral medium purified by standard methods. The EPS was characterized to determine functional group, thermal stability, chemical compounds and the monosaccharide component using Fourier Transform Infra-red, Spectroscopy, thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry and HPLC and their bio-preservative property on post-harvest quality of plantain and different banana was done. The Rhizobial-EPS functional groups were hydroxyl, carboxyl, amine, methyl and ethers associated with polysaccharides. Pentadecanoic acid, octadecanoic acid, oleic acid and heptacosanoic acid, and varied concentration of monosaccharides were detected in the exopolysaccharides. The TGA of the EPS shows a constant loss in weight with two quasi-sharp alterations and almost steady plateau. The EPS coated samples had the lowest weight loss across the samples and as such edible coating was effective in delaying weight loss. The weight loss of Musa paradisiaca (plantain) coated with (EPSA obtained from USDA 110), (EPSB USDA 532C) and (EPSC S2) at the first day were 314 and 314.5g. The initial weight loss of coated and uncoated Musa sp. (Apple Banana), Musa acuminata (Lady Finger), and Musa balbisiana (Cooking Banana), ranged from 72 – 72.7g, 96 – 97g and 95 – 98g respectively. The total sugar of EPS Coated Musa sp. ranges from 0.381 – 0.528mg/L, 0.392 – 0.576 mg/L and 0.41 – 0.598 mg/L at days 1, 2 and 3 respectively. The highest Titratable acidity and pH was observed in EPS coated sample. The results obtained from this study proves that EPS solution is a valuable product for fruit preservation and viable for commercial applications.

Keywords

Exopolysaccharides; Rhizobial; Musa paradisiaca; Musa balbisiana Musa acuminata; EPS-producing Rhizobia

Subject

LIFE SCIENCES, Microbiology

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