Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Pineapple Agro-Industrial Biomass to Produce Biomedical Applications in a Circular Economy Context in Costa Rica

Version 1 : Received: 22 September 2022 / Approved: 23 September 2022 / Online: 23 September 2022 (09:22:33 CEST)

How to cite: Amores-Monge, V.; Goyanes, S.; Ribba, L.; Lopretti, M.; Sandoval-Barrantes, M.; Camacho, M.; Corrales-Ureña, Y.; Vega-Baudrit, J.R. Pineapple Agro-Industrial Biomass to Produce Biomedical Applications in a Circular Economy Context in Costa Rica. Preprints 2022, 2022090365 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202209.0365.v1). Amores-Monge, V.; Goyanes, S.; Ribba, L.; Lopretti, M.; Sandoval-Barrantes, M.; Camacho, M.; Corrales-Ureña, Y.; Vega-Baudrit, J.R. Pineapple Agro-Industrial Biomass to Produce Biomedical Applications in a Circular Economy Context in Costa Rica. Preprints 2022, 2022090365 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202209.0365.v1).

Abstract

Pineapple is a highly demanded fruit in international markets, thanks to its unique appearance and flavor, high fiber content, vitamins, folic acid, and minerals. It makes the pineapple production and processing market a significant source of income for producing countries, such as Costa Rica. Nowadays, its processing produces a large amount of waste with negative consequences for the environment. However, pineapple waste is an essential source of cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and other high-value products like enzymes (bromelain). These by-products can be obtained by pineapple waste biorefinery, generating an additional source of export goods and foreign currency, framing pineapple processing in the concept of the circular economy. This review discusses how incorporating biorefinery in the pineapple production processes can contribute to the post-COVID 19 economy in Costa Rica. Pineapple production in Costa Rica is explored, and the contamination of generated residues is delineated. Furthermore, the primary processes for by-product extraction via biorefinery, their general characteristics and applications in the medical field, and their contribution to the circular economy are presented.

Keywords

pineapple; wastes; biorefinery; COVID-19; circular economy; biomedical.

Subject

MATERIALS SCIENCE, Biomaterials

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