Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Maternal Mortality in Africa (Part I), Regional Trends (1990-2015)

Version 1 : Received: 14 July 2022 / Approved: 23 September 2022 / Online: 23 September 2022 (03:06:07 CEST)

How to cite: Onambele, L.; Ortega-Leon, W.; Guillen-Aguinaga, S.; Forjaz, M.J.; Yoseph, A.; Guillen-Aguinaga, L.; Alas-Brun, R.; Arnedo-Pena, A.; Aguinaga-Ontoso, I.; Guillen-Grima, F. Maternal Mortality in Africa (Part I), Regional Trends (1990-2015). Preprints 2022, 2022090353 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202209.0353.v1). Onambele, L.; Ortega-Leon, W.; Guillen-Aguinaga, S.; Forjaz, M.J.; Yoseph, A.; Guillen-Aguinaga, L.; Alas-Brun, R.; Arnedo-Pena, A.; Aguinaga-Ontoso, I.; Guillen-Grima, F. Maternal Mortality in Africa (Part I), Regional Trends (1990-2015). Preprints 2022, 2022090353 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202209.0353.v1).

Abstract

Background: United Nations Sustainable Development Goals state that by 2030, the Global maternal mortality rate (MMR) should be lower than 70 per 100,000 live births. MMR is still one of Africa's leading causes of death among women. This research aims to study regional trends in maternal mortality in Africa. Methods: We extracted data for Maternal mortality rates per 100,000 births from the World Bank database from 1990-2015. Joinpoint regression was used to study the trends and estimate the annual percent change (APC). Results: Maternal mortality has decreased in Africa over the study period by an average APC of -2.6%. All regions showed significant downward trends, with the sharpest decreases in East Africa. Only the North African region is close to the United Nations' sustainable development goals for Maternal mortality. The remaining sub-Saharan African regions are still far from achieving the goals. Conclusions: maternal mortality has decreased in Africa, especially in East Africa. The only region closed to the United Nations target is North Africa. The remaining sub-Saharan African regions are still far from achieving the goals. These results could be used for the development of Regional Policies.

Keywords

Africa; Maternal mortality rate; Joinpoint regression analysis; mortality; trends

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.

We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.