Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Development of an Android Mobile Application for Reducing Sitting Time and Increasing Walking Time in People with Type 2 Diabetes

Version 1 : Received: 16 August 2022 / Approved: 19 August 2022 / Online: 19 August 2022 (05:29:57 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Daryabeygi-Khotbehsara, R.; Shariful Islam, S.M.; Dunstan, D.W.; Abdelrazek, M.; Markides, B.; Pham, T.; Maddison, R. Development of an Android Mobile Application for Reducing Sitting Time and Increasing Walking Time in People with Type 2 Diabetes. Electronics 2022, 11, 3011. Daryabeygi-Khotbehsara, R.; Shariful Islam, S.M.; Dunstan, D.W.; Abdelrazek, M.; Markides, B.; Pham, T.; Maddison, R. Development of an Android Mobile Application for Reducing Sitting Time and Increasing Walking Time in People with Type 2 Diabetes. Electronics 2022, 11, 3011.

Journal reference: Electronics 2022, 11, 3011
DOI: 10.3390/electronics11193011

Abstract

Breaking up prolonged sitting by short bouts of light physical activities including standing and walking has been shown to be beneficial for people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). This paper presents the development of an android mobile app to deliver a just-in-time adaptive intervention (JITAI) to reduce sedentary time in people with T2D. A total of six design workshops were conducted with seven experts to identify design requirements, a behavioural framework, and required contextual adaptations for the development of a bespoke mobile app (iMOVE). Moreover, a focus group was conducted among people with T2D as potential end-users (N=10) to ascertain their perceptions of the app. Feedback from the focus group was used in subsequent iterations of the iMOVE app. Data were analysed using an inductive qualitative thematic analysis. Based on workshops, key features of iMOVE were developed, including simplicity (e.g., navigation, login), colours and font sizes, push notifications, messaging algorithms and a triggering system for breaking up sitting time and moving more. Based on the user testing results, a goal setting tab was added, font sizes were made larger, the brightness of colours was reduced, and a colour indicator was used to indicate device connectivity with an activity tracker. A user-centric app was developed to support people with T2D to transition from sedentary to active lifestyles.

Keywords

sedentary behaviour; smartphone; mobile app; just-in-time adaptive intervention (JITAI)

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Sport Sciences & Therapy

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